Crucifixion with portraits of the land commanders of the Teutonic Order, Bailiwick of Utrecht
|Original location||Utrecht, bailiwick of Utrecht, Teutonic Order|
|Current location||Utrecht, Duitse huis, inv. no. PR 7.05|
|Provenance||Still in original location|
|Commissioner||Most probably Jacob Taets van Amerongen, land commander of the Teutonic Order, in a campaign to restore the religious character of the order and its allegiance to the Deutschmeister and the emperor (Meeuwissen, sections 2.3-2.4)|
|Artist||Master of the Duitse huis (first 7 panels)
Roelof Willemsz. van Culemborg (the head of Jacob Taets van Amerongen)
|Date||ca.1576/80-now (the entire series)
ca.1576-1580 (the fifth panel, including the body of Jacob Taets van Amerongen)
1592 (the head of Jacob Taets van Amerongen, as mentioned in the registers of the Order)
|Material||Oil on panel|
|Dimensions||85 x 208 cm (seventh panel)|
|Short description||21 panels with portrait series of the land commanders of the Teutonic Order in Utrecht, since 1239 until now. On the first panel at the left side a crucifixion, followed by the row of portrayed persons turned towards Christ. These are displayed in full length, kneeling in front of an altar, their hands folded in prayer, except for the portraits made since the 1990's, which portray the persons half length, standing, and turned towards the viewer. Under the portraits is a text field with information about the portrayed persons.|
|Depicted pilgrim (seventh panel, fifth person from the left)|
|General remarks||Jacob van Amerongen is also mentioned in the travel diary of the German knight Hans von Hirnheim, according to whom he landed in Jaffa on 30 August 1569. (see Lampen, p. 289)
The body and head of Jacob Taets van Amerongen were painted separately, by different painters, with an interval of about twelve years.
Jacob Taets van Amerongen is the only person in the entire series to be displayed with signs of the Jerusalem pilgrimage. This is remarkable, since we might expect that more of the land commanders had made the pilgrimage. It might be coincidental, since, if Jacob Taets van Amerongen had ordered the series, the previous land commanders were already dead and did not have influence in how they were portrayed. And shortly after Taets van Amerongen, the order turned protestant, so the need for pilgrimage vanished. However, it might also be a conscious attempt to establish a visual relation between his office of land commander and the long tradition of the Teutonic Order, which was founded in the Holy Land during the crusades.
Jacob Taets van Amerongen was related to Antonis Taets van Amerongen, depicted in the panel with two members of the Utrecht confraternity of Jerusalem pilgrims.